What are the laws relating to cruelty of animals

Based on the context provided, the laws relating to cruelty to animals in Sri Lanka include:

  1. Cruelty to Animals (Chapter 573): This chapter is part of the Ceylon Legislative Enactments and addresses issues related to the mistreatment of animals. It likely contains provisions that define what constitutes cruelty to animals and prescribes penalties for such offenses.
  2. Animals (Amendment) Act, No. 10 of 2009: This amendment act provides for the care of animals against whom offenses have been committed. It includes provisions such as:
    • The ability of a Magistrate to make an interim order to place an animal into the custody of an approved Animal Care Centre, a non-governmental organization concerned with animal welfare, or a person actively engaged in caring for animals, pending the determination of the case.
    • The duty of the custodian to care for the animal until the final determination of the proceedings.
    • The power of the Magistrate to order the confiscation of the animal upon the conviction of the person who committed the offense.
    • The ability of the original owner to reclaim the animal, provided they can establish ownership and demonstrate that the offense was committed without their knowledge or connivance.
    • The confirmation of the interim order by the Magistrate in cases where an order for confiscation is made, specifying the custody and care of the animal.
    • The authority granted to the Minister to make regulations concerning the standards, approval process, and monitoring of Animal Care Centres, non-governmental organizations, or persons involved in the care of animals.
  3. Dangerous Animals (Amendment) Act, No. 40 of 2022: While the specific details of this amendment are not provided in the context, it is reasonable to infer that it relates to the regulation of dangerous animals and includes amendments to existing legislation concerning the treatment and management of such animals.
  4. Case Law: The context mentions a legal case where it was held that there is no provision in law to confiscate cattle under the Animal Act, Cruelty to Animals Act, or Butchers Ordinance solely based on the purpose of transporting them. The case emphasizes that the legality of transporting cattle depends on whether it is done with a valid permit and in a non-cruel manner.

These laws and amendments are designed to protect animals from cruelty and to ensure their welfare in cases where offenses against them have been committed. They provide mechanisms for the care and custody of animals during legal proceedings and outline the responsibilities of those tasked with their care.

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